Travel Tips And Tricks For A Great Vacation

When you take time to create a good travel plan, it really does pay off. You have saved a lot of money by planning out things like transportation, so that you can enjoy your vacation with a little extra cash in your pocket. Like with any plan, you can always add and improve. Below are … Continue reading “Travel Tips And Tricks For A Great Vacation”

When you take time to create a good travel plan, it really does pay off. You have saved a lot of money by planning out things like transportation, so that you can enjoy your vacation with a little extra cash in your pocket. Like with any plan, you can always add and improve. Below are some tips to help.

If you are touring Europe, take advantage of their outstanding rail system. Instead of flying to each of your destinations, only fly into your first city and then hop on the train. Not only is it much more affordable, but by traveling overland, you are sure to get an amazing look at the area beyond your major city stops.

When taking a road trip to an unfamiliar area, be sure that your car is serviced and you have a full tank of gas. The last thing you need is to break down, unaware of where the nearest gas station is. Keep an empty gas can in the trunk of your car in the event that you run out of gas. You will be able to make your way to the nearest service station and fill up the can, rather than calling someone out to do that for you.

Choosing an aisle seat is a good idea. Aside from the view, window seats don’t have many benefits. An aisle seat gives you better access to the baggage storage, bathrooms, airline staff, as well as prevent you from being squeezed on both sides.

Use websites that allow you to name your own price on hotel rooms for your next overnight stay. You can save a considerable amount of money by doing this. You won’t be able to know ahead of time what hotel will accept your bid, but the savings more than make up for it.

By going on the Internet one can access a large amount of information relating to where one is traveling and about the area one is going. Researching local attractions can help one plan out their trip before it even begins. Having a plan in place and information on the area can lead to a more enjoyable experience.

Travel Health Insurance

You should look into purchasing travel health insurance. Most regular health insurance policies won’t cover anything if you’re injured or sick abroad. You should also look into medical evacuation insurance. If you’re injured in a foreign country, the last thing you’ll want to do is be in a hospital where the standards of care may not be up to US standards. Medical evacuation insurance will make it so that you can get back to your local hospital at no cost to you.

Arrange for travel health insurance before traveling and make sure you know where to go if you become ill. Be certain your coverage will take care of you in any event. Get a complete check-up before you leave, and if you have a condition such as diabetes or some other chronic condition, be sure to carry ample supplies with you.

You have the research, the plan, and are now ready to apply them all to a great and well-thought out trip. Fabulous! The above tips were constructed to add to your personal travel plan, as you are never done improving it. You may have even found something new to experience on your next trip.

Importance of Vocational Education

A few years ago, vocational courses were thought to be for people who did not have the aptitude to study in a college and thus, needed skills in a particular field, to gain employment. This scenario, however, has completely changed today. These days, people have realized their importance and are opting for such courses, both online and offline, to gain skills related to a particular field so that their job prospects can improve.

Benefits of Vocational Education and Training

Lesser Education Costs
Not everyone can afford to go college as a four-year degree course, plus the hostel fees, commuting, added costs of books, can turn out to be very expensive. Vocational courses are a cheaper alternative for people who do not want to take up a loan to go to college. Many vocational courses, similar to four-year degrees, provide placement to the students. This makes them quite useful for those who do not have the means to shell out money for a college degree.

Prepares for a Job
Vocational education prepares a person for a specific job. It equips a person with the skills and qualities required to do a particular job, such as fashion designing, interior decoration, computer networking, auto repairing, etc. Many a time, the curriculum for the courses is prepared after taking suggestions from the local employers. Along with classroom instructions, practical knowledge is imparted through field work. Laboratory learning is emphasized to give the students practical knowledge on a given subject. This prepares the student for the job at hand and thus, he is able to give full justice to his profession, due to his vast knowledge.

Easy Employment
Vocational education makes it easier for the students to find employment. Usually, it is seen that employers prefer to hire a student who has done a vocational course rather than a college pass out, as by doing a vocational course, a student is trained specifically for a particular job. The student already possesses the right temperament, skills, qualities and education for the job and the employers feel that he will be more successful than a regular college pass out due to his knowledge. Thus, easy employment is one of the chief advantages that students from a vocational course have over others.

Success in Career
People who are already employed and those who want to get further education to advance their careers, cannot afford to take a four-year break and pursue a college degree. So, in order to enhance their skills and qualifications, an alternative is to do a vocational course. The time duration for the course is less, but the skills that are imparted to students through such courses, are quite comparable to the college courses, in terms of quality. Thus, by doing a vocational course, a professional can enhance his career prospects and achieve success.

Promotes Entrepreneurship
After doing a vocational course, a person is equipped enough to start his own business. This course of action is taken up by many a vocational course pass out students. Thus, such courses promote entrepreneurship, which is a very good thing for the economy today, considering that the recession has left many without jobs. Vocational courses increase the number of small businesses, which further increase employment, thus reducing the stress on the government to provide jobs for the unemployed.

Before opting for a vocational course, a student should ensure that the institute he is applying for is of good repute, both in terms of education quality and placements in the past. Once these things are settled, should a student invest his time and money in a particular course. As mentioned above, vocational education provides job specific skills and contributes to career success. It imparts specialized knowledge, which is the need of the hour today! This proves that in many aspects, vocational education is as good as college education!

Certainly, You Can Buy Ammo On Line!

As the legal guidelines and the government authorities of the world are really sensitive to the thought involving weapons and ammo, many times, men and women just assume that they can’t buy ammo for their guns online any time, in actuality, practically nothing could be further from the reality! The fact is that the best price on ammo plus the very best supply will often be seen in the web. Precisely why is clear, in case you pause to consider it. A couple of people that have a computer plus a warehouse space may effectively control an online ammo company, where a retail place demands, for starters, retail price space, then people to meet and also welcome the customers, furnishings, and many others.

So, if you are asking yourself, “can i buy ammunition online?” the result is of course, you actually certainly could! Furthermore, whenever you get your actual bullets on-line, you will find several points that will you prefer. One, you may not throw away fuel driving a car across the area searching for the best option. Two, the level of accessible inventory is usually evidently exhibited, consequently you will know beforehand when they have what you look for. Three, the level of online competition drives the purchase price down to far below exactly what it ordinarily is in your area. Finally, your actual ammunition is going to be shipped directly to your house!

iPhone 5 vs Samsung Galaxy S3: Which one is better?

The two smartphones Iphone 5, officially presented in San Francisco on Wednesday morning, and Samsung Galaxy S3 seem to be the most powerful ones on the market these days. The Iphone boasts a 4-inch “retina display” screen and will be the thinnest Apple smartphone at just 7.6mm thick while Samsung Galaxy S3 has an enormous 4.8-inch HD Super AMOLED screen, which displays vivid color and deep blacks at a maximum resolution of 720 x 1280. In terms of operating system, the iPhone 5 runs IOS 6, and Samsung Galaxy S3 runs the latest Android version “Ice Cream Sandwich”. Although the iPhone 5 will be LTE-powered, they may still lag behind compared to Samsung phones, which have long been LTE-capable. In addition, the iphone 5’s Siri will support for launching applications. Frankly, it’s hard to say which device’s interface functions more seamlessly or features the best apps – for the time being.

iphone 5 vs samsung galaxy s3

It looks like the iPhone 5 is actually following the lead of the Galaxy S3 in some features such as width and height.

Apple ups the screen size from 3.5-inch to 4-inch display that permits a fifth row of app icons on the home screen.

On paper, the two devices are exactly the same, offering an 8-megapixel primary camera and HD video at 1080p.

The iPhone 5 is made from glass and aluminium and will be the thinnest Apple smartphone.

The iPhone 5 will ship Sept. 21 in the U.S., UK, Canada, France, Germany, Australia, Japan, Singapore and Hong Kong. The launch will occur in additional countries on the 28th and in 100 countries by the end of the year.

10 best headphones of 2013

Headphones аrе very nесеѕѕаrу fοr people whο lονе music bυt don’t want tο disturb sleeping family members. Hοwеνеr, finding a perfect pair οf headphones іѕ difficult bесаυѕе thеrе аrе many types οf headphones οn thе market nowadays аnd thеу аrе аll pretty іnсrеdіblе. Thе latest generation οf high-еnd headphones аrе mаdе wіth better engineering, improving thе sound quality.
Here аrе ουr top ten best headphones οf 2013.

1. Sennheiser Momentum

The Sennheiser Momentum have a lightweight stainless steel frame and sheepskin leather ear cups. They use fabric and synthetic leather foam pads that circle around your earlobes. There is also the cable featuring a three-button remote control for use with iPhones and iPods. Alongside the headphones, the Sennheiser Momentum package includes an excellent colour-matched semi-hard case, a 3.5mm-to-6.3mm jack and an additional headphone cable. The devices are available for $350.

2. Beyerdynamic Custom One Pro

The new Custom One headphones were displayed by Beyerdynamic of Germany at the Consumer Electronics Show this year. The earcups sit around the ear in order to seal off outside noise. Each earcup includes a 3 position adjustable bass vent offering different levels of low frequency energy. Beyerdynamic uses the membranes in the Custom One’s 16Ohm neodymium drivers to bring the professional quality sound to consumers. The new Custom One Pro offers some custom color options and is available for $249.00.

3. Focal Spirit One

Other headphones shown off at the CES 2013 are the Spirit One sealed headphones from French speaker manufacturer Focal. The Spirit One is designed to be used with smartphones and directly compatible with iPhones. It has an unusually smooth bass-midrange-treble tonal balance that makes similarly priced headphones. Moreover, the headset offers remote control functions on the headphone cable along with the ability to answer calls with a built-in mic. The Focal Spirit One sells for $279.00.

4. The 808 brand headphones from Voxx International

The new 808 brand headphones from Voxx International give high-performance audio at a reasonable price. The headsets have a sleek over-the-ear design for easy storage and feature powerful 40mm drivers. These full-size over-the-ear headphones also come with a protective travel case and multiple detachable cords. The 808 headphones will be available in three styles including black high gloss, black matte and white high gloss for $99.99.

5. Sennheiser IE 800

The Sennheiser IE 800 earphones are made of a smoothly-curved ceramic material, which has a hard feel closer to glass than plastic. They come with a real leather case and a selection of rubber tips. The earpieces, whose cable is part-removable, also use something called an Extra Wide Band (XWB) driver. The Sennheiser IE 800, the most expensive Sennheiser in-ear headphones, are available at carefully-selected retailers for $999.95.

6. SoundMagic E10

The SoundMagic E10 earphones sport a plain cylindrical driver housing, a downward facing cable, and a selection of silicone tips to get them to fit in your lugholes. These perfectly priced earphones sound loud, clear and balanced, with rich bass tones and plenty of natural character. Their cable, which is a standard 1.2m, isn’t braided, nor does it have a slippery finish. The SoundMagic E10 earphones sell for $34.95.

7. Phonak Audéo PFE 232

Selling for $599.00, the Phonak Audéo PFE 232 earphones are among the most expensive around but they have the sound quality to match. The devices include two separate sets of ear tips: three sizes of silicone and three sizes of Comply foam tips. The PFE 232 also provides detailed sound without any loss of bass or low mid-range thanks to a pair of balanced-armature drivers. Besides, the supremely comfortable Phonak Audeo PFE 232 earphones come with a 48-inch-long, tangle-resistant cable with an inline microphone and volume control.

8. The Panasonic bone-conduction headphones

The Panasonic bone-conduction headphones look like your mediocre pair of sound receivers at first glance. These bone-conduction headphones connect to a TV via the Bluetooth wireless standard and attach to your head like a normal set of headphones. However, the devices aren’t meant to go in your ears. They work like hearing aids by transmitting sound waves through your skull instead. The headsets will be available in a variety of colors in fall 2013 for an as-yet undisclosed price.

9. Ghost Bee

The Ghost Bee adds a new level of versatility to a typically straightforward headphone experience. It can stream music wirelessly to any Bluetooth-enabled device as well as blast audio directly from larger speakers when docked and charging. The Ghost Bee will sell for $179.

10. The Monster iSport Intensity In-Ear Headphones

The Monster iSport Intensity earphones provide decent sound but are not completely noise isolating, which is good if you want to hear what is around you while running. The devices, which fit securely and comfortably, are sweat-resistant. The earphones also have an open design, an Apple-friendly inline remote and microphone for making cell phone calls. The Monster iSport Intensity earphones are available for $99.95.

Critical Information Of Antivirus Marketing – The Within Just Keep Track Of

That is why even further and added salon house owners are turning in direction of IPL Laser Equipment for all their natural beauty method device desires. Comodo will automatically reject any courses that it identifies as installers or computerized up grade Norton Promotion utilities towards its Sandbox, despite the fact that Those people duplicate and insert vital information and registry details. An instance of a SPI components firewall is a Cisco PIX firewall. It is sizeable that schooling be offered at any season of the working day for my sufferers, specifically Though my place of work is shut. Then, it endorses acquiring its license and setting up complete edition of Antivirus Stage which will restore all the things.

If your self will need toward Direct your profits staff members towards good accomplishment, your self need to reveal in direction of their fulfillment that yourself realize and empathize with what they are likely in the course of not through words and phrases yet via regular and proactive involvement with what is particularly shifting upon inside their territories and yours and towards generate all your work opportunities much easier and far better. Ahead of starting to be into the method element, it presents on your own the starting up actuality which is the record of wooden and elements that on your own would need to have in direction of build the patio desk. The increase inside the level of popularity of social networking internet sites incorporates intended ruckus as perfectly. Individuals web sites involve common upgrades that on your own could possibly contain fixed in the direction of computerized. Therefore, they offer you yourself with a charge split within scenario on your own buy all those products. Some builders position long lasting adverts inside the computer Norton Promos software and there is no historical past of what adverts that are seen by means of the people. Virtualized Browser is towards block world-wide-web-centered hazards against impacting the doing work course of action. It is advisable toward look at for your course of action necessity past toward the membership. Spy ware and spy ware are ordinarily involved with respectable freeware or shareware and can’t work individually of every single other.

A positive direction in the direction of keep an eye on for a rogue software program is toward finish all your respectable systems and convert upon your activity supervisor. Browsing, going to, acquiring on the internet, sending and retrieving documents, and taking social networking websites are particularly some of the techniques the place our delicate content can be intercepted. Preparing this kind of fashion of initiatives is rather significant in direction of deliver of course purchaser fulfillment When it’s Really state-of-the-art and laborous. Los Toldos se les nombran tambin como pabelln o cubierta de tela que se utiliza para hacer sombra en algn paraje. The moment by yourself require even more packages yourself must not buy towards methods that can not provide oneself a ensure upon its effectiveness. In direction of vacation resort absent the laptop or computer maintenance aspect obeys the methods listed here. Cloud computing is attracting notice of outlets in just a huge direction. If by yourself such as towards enjoy with your woman upon mattress with some liquor particularly ahead of the recreation commences, Firminite supports this Master Norton Promotion as effectively. They moreover assert it makes use of significantly less than 7MB of memory. Iddono trojan results in a Terrific range of documents upon your laptop or computer with the names of true Norton Promos folders on your own include. On the other hand, the employ the service of of this sort of program applications permitted computerized upgrade versus the vehicles toward the most important thoughts place of work. Inside Norton Promotion reality, we should hire every single work in the direction of continue to keep your laptop 100% protected.

The Lowe’s discount coupons that clients can attain inside of their e-send out entitle them in the direction of 10 per cent off of any order up in direction of 5 thousand funds. Do not be idle and basically employ the service of on the internet advertising.

Should you loved this information and you would love to receive details concerning Resourceful Norton Promotion i implore you to visit our own web page.

Video Comes To Web Sites Blogs Ipods How You Can Profit

phone photoSurely you’ve noticed the enthusiastic talk lately about how easy it is to put video on your web site or blog. In the past you had to enlist the help of a professional producer to get even the most simplistic video on your site. That could cost several thousand dollars, and even then, most visitors would have a hard time viewing your video.

No more. Today’s technology has leaped forward to make professional-looking video a reality for any site or blog. You can also easily deliver video to iPods and embeded in emails.

Imagine sending an email to a customer that includes a video that shows her how to use your product or service. Your sales conversion rate skyrockets!

Got valuable information people will pay to know? Create a video showing how to do the task, then sell pay-per-view opportunities to see your video. The technology to do this is simple, ready, and dirt cheap.

And you don’t have to have fancy equipment or complicated training to use this stuff. It’s all cheap or free, and you needn’t do anything more than point and click your way through the user-friendly system.

Even more exciting than how you can use this new video technology to sell your current products and services, is how HUGE the opportunity is to make money on the massive social trend this video technology is unleashing.

Just take a moment to remember how instant messaging has taken over. Now millions of people worldwide check AIM and other IM accounts throughout the day to see who’s online. Cell phone text messaging has also taken over in schools and offices worldwide.

Consider how vast the change will be when people can send personal videos to computers, iPods, and even cell phones. That technology is already available, and people worldwide are starting to jump on board.

You can already sign up to earn commissions when people start to use this technology. Just consider that MySpace has 62 million members and Friendster has 24 million members. The demand for technology that builds online communities is proven. The rush to incorporate video into this already established social trend will be the Net’s next Gold Rush — and it could easily dwarf what we’ve seen before.

 

The Trend You Must Take Notice Of

phone photoHave you noticed it already? What is the biggest change on the internet in the last five years? If you haven’t already noticed it, it is the growth of audio and video on ordinary websites.

How often recently have you browsed onto a webpage and an audio track has started instantly? Until about a year ago it required an expensive studio setup to be able to stream audio across the web. Now there are free open source programs that will let you record straight to your hard drive. The quality is good enough, without any editing, to be used online. The piece of software that is used to create the streaming audio file is inexpensive enough for anyone. In fact members of my site have access to it included in the resources section.

Video is now taking the net by storm as well. Within the very near future you will begin to see the sort of “info-mercial” that currently appears on late night cable channels appearing on the web. New compression technology means that videos can be streamed within the web page, making them accessible to almost anyone with web access. At the other end of web video check out the “mobloggs” already appearing with video uploaded straight from mobile phones!

Recently the increase in the use of “Screen Capture” videos to demonstrate the way to use programs on your computer has been credited with the growth of a new type of surfer. The Non Reader.

The younger generation as a whole do not read books. Recent statistics in the UK show that over 60% of twenty year olds have not read a book in the last twelve months. 27% claim not to have even read a newspaper! American figures are probably not dissimillar. Yet most of these people are comfortable using computers, frequently for gaming. These are the people who would not read a web page. The Television generation. Yet these are the people that are surfing frequently on their mobile phones.

If you haven’t heard of The Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) you should take note. It is their strength that is driving the market. Through their work no one platform has gained the upper hand, so the speed of change is accellerating all the time, without being held back by competing standards.

Check out FoneBlog, the world’s first and leading mobile blogging solution designed and built for the mobile operator with the focus to drive MMS revenue and build mobile communities. It allows users to instantly send and post content, including text, photos, audio and video from a camera phone to a personal website that can be set as a private location or shared with the world.

Imagine a generation that sets up as a matter of course personal websites running from their mobile phones. Multi media diaries that they can share with anyone or everyone.

If you cannot see that embracing the use of audio and video are essential to the continued growth of your web business then you are going to be like the president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp, Ken Olsen who famously said in 1977

“There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.”

 

Educational Malpractice

In the US, educational malpractice is not an unheard term. Students and parents have dragged educational institutions in courts on account of neglectful teaching, carelessness and inability to make the candidates competent enough to get employment. In most of the educational malpractice cases, plaintiffs have claimed that the educational institutions and its teachers or staff were unable to fulfill their duties of educating them properly, as promised at the time of admission.

Failed Educational Malpractice Lawsuits: Prominent Causes

Educational malpractice cases have always attracted debates from scholars and judicial stalwarts. It is a fact that in many cases, colleges and universities always had a stronghold in the cases due to reasons that are not very difficult to understand. There are plenty of reasons why the judiciary has discarded plaintiffs arguments in a majority of cases against educational institutions. The biggest limitation in announcing a punishment against educational institutions in malpractice cases is that courts don’t have an exact definition of what all constitutes the duties to educate a child. It is yet to decide, when should a child be deemed educated? Just because the child is unable to read or write with the expected level of proficiency at the end of educational year, makes the school or college responsible for it? Similarly, the reasons behind failure of a student to come up to an expected mark, after learning was imparted to him or her can’t be exactly stated. A child spends significant number of hours at home besides the school. What if the child didn’t diligently pursue his or her studies at home? Or what if the parents were careless in looking after the child and helping him at his work. It is a fact that good learning atmosphere is not only important at school but also at home. Moreover, every child is capable in his or her own unique ways. Not everyone has same aptitude, emotional, social, cultural and environmental upbringing. This effects performance in the academic career. Considering public schools, colleges or universities responsible for the poor performance of a student certainly raises several questions.

Educational Malpractice Suits

A large number of legal lawsuits have been filed against institutions on several charges. While not pointing out to exact cases and their complete details, here are some common reasons as to why parents, students and colleges or universities have been in the courtrooms.

A school sued parents for not paying the tuition fees and in return the parents sued the school on charges of racism, poor education practices and absenteeism of the school staff.
A group of students battled in court against their college administration for being unable to stop cheating and using unfair means by several students in the college exams.
Some cases have also been filed by students who passed high school but complained of having reading and writing skills at par with seventh grade students.
A child is misdiagnosed with a learning disability, is sent to a normal school and is unable to learn anything for many years. Parents sue the doctor and the school, both.
A student joined a college after winning athletic scholarships however, after completing four years of education, he feels incompetent in the employment world. Sues the college eventually.
Several cases also include stances where vocational training institutions have been sued because even after the complete training, students ended up with no employment.

The above examples of educational malpractice lawsuits, though don’t directly depict the exact cases, are just some incidents, where lawsuits have been filed against private and public educational institutions. It is a fact that many cases in educational malpractices have been rejected by courts due to the inability of the plaintiffs to prove in the court that the defendant was responsible for the loss occurred to plaintiffs. Nevertheless, in some cases, lawsuits have been won by plaintiffs and that has triggered hopes for many others who have been in the legal battle against institutions.

The Importance of Comprehensive Exams in Graduate Programs

The Comprehensive Exam

In many fields, graduate students studying for Master’s, PhDs, and other advanced degrees are required to take comprehensive exams, commonly called “comps.” Comps differ widely from field to field, and could involve written components, oral components, or other demonstrations of proficiency. Comps are often a major milestone in the graduate student’s course of study because they challenge the student to learn a very great deal about the field he or she is studying. Graduate programs can be viewed as requiring students to demonstrate both a breadth of knowledge in the field as a whole and a depth of knowledge about a specific area of interest. Whereas the dissertation is the demonstration of depth, the comprehensive exam is how a student shows breadth. Read more on achieving success in exams.

Comps or No Comps?

It seems logical to require comps exams for future PhDs and others studying for terminal degrees in the field of study. After all, a terminal degree ought to indicate that the individual is an expert in the field and has learned, if not all there is to know, at least a sufficient amount that further schooling would be impractical. A student who receives a PhD in history is, and ought to be, expected to know a very great deal about history. However, in the United States some academics hold the opinion that, in certain fields, comps exams should not be required.

Specialization

Increasingly, the academic world is characterized by intense specialization. Those who receive terminal degrees are often experts in a very, very small area of their field, rather than in the field as a whole. There are several complex reasons for this, and often the reasons differ from field to field. In some fields, especially in the sciences, specialization is necessary because it’s at the level of extreme specificity that the most important advances are made. In other fields, specialization is necessary to stand out from others who are competing for a very small number of job openings. Whatever the reason, some people think that specialization is important enough that graduate students should devote most of their time to it.

Do Comps Get in the Way?

Valuing specialization over a breadth of more general knowledge had led some people, especially academics, to conclude that comprehensive exams are unnecessary and even detrimental to students’ futures. For example, in the field of philosophy, there are far more new PhDs given each year than there are open academic positions. This means that getting a job at a university in a philosophy department is extremely competitive. In order to stand out from the crown, young philosophers need to publish articles in their areas of interest, attend conferences, and distinguish themselves in any other way that they possibly can. According to some, the intensive study and preparation required to take the comprehensive exams in philosophy prevent PhD students from devoting enough time to distinguishing themselves in the field.

The Value of Expertise

Although the arguments against comps are understandable, getting rid of comprehensive exams would be detrimental to the academic world. If graduate students are not required to learn as much as they can about their fields, they will be less prepared to teach others or to enter demanding jobs after they receive their degrees. Although they may excel as specialists, they will lack the flexibility, historical perspective, and big-picture view that higher education ought to impart. It might be argued that, if specializing works, then it must be a good thing. However, the value of advanced degrees can only go down if those who obtain them can no longer be considered experts. Institutions that grant terminal degrees to students who have not demonstrated, through comprehensive exams, that they are among the most knowledgeable individuals in the field, will lose their reputations as prestigious centers of learning.